rptfq;if khtl;lk;:

,uhkehjGu khtl;lj;jpd; xU gFjpahf tpsq;fpa rptfq;if ,d;W jdp khtl;lkhf tpsq;FfpwJ. ,g;gFjpia VohtJ ,uhkehjGu muruhfpa fpotd; NrJgjp vd;fpw ,uFehj NrJgjp mth;fspd; Ml;rpapd; fPo; fp.gp. 1674 Kjy; 1710 Mk; Mz;L tiu ,Ue;Js;sJ. ,k;khtl;lj;jpd; tuyhw;W rpwg;Gkpf;f ,ilfhl;^h; Njthyak;> fhsPRtuh; Nfhapy;> nrl;behl;L muz;kidfs; kpFe;j fhiuf;Fb> fz;lNjtp Nfhapy;> fz;zjhrd; epidtfk;> nja;tk; mjpra cyfk;> kUJ ghz;bah; epidtplk; vd fz;L fopf;fj; jf;f epiwa ,lq;fs; cs;sd.

,ilfhl;^h; Njthyak;:

,ilfhl;^h; Jha ,ja Njthyak; gz;ila nrh;khdpa(Gothic Architectural)fl;blf;fiyapy; gpuhd;rp;Ys;s hPk;R Njthyaj;jpid Nghd;W mikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,t;thyaj;jpd midj;Jr; rpw;gq;fSk; gpuhd;rpypUe;J xU Ehw;whz;LfSf;F Kd;G tutiof;fg;gl;L ,q;Nf mikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. xU Ehw;whz;bw;F Ke;ija gpuhd;rpd; rpw;gf;fiyia ehk; ,ilfhl;^h; gazpj;Nj fz;L urpf;fyhk;. ,j;Njthyak; kJiuapypUe;J 35 fP.kP njhiytpy; ,uhkehjGuk; kw;Wk; ,uhNkRtuk; Kjd;ikr; rhiyapy; mike;Js;sJ.

fhisahh; Nfhapy;:

kpfg;ngUik tha;e;j fhisahh; Nfhapy; rptfq;ifapypUe;J 18 fP.kP njhiytpYs;sJ> kpfg;nghpaJk;> mofpaJkhd ,f;Nfhapiyr;Rw;wp 18 mb cauj;jpyhd Rw;Wr; Rth; mikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,f;Nfhapypy; rpwpa kw;Wk; nghpa ,uz;L ,uhr NfhGuq;fs; cs;sd> ,f;Nfhapypd; njd;Gwk; mike;j nghpa Fsk; ,f;Nfhapypd; moif NkYk; $l;Ltjhf mike;Js;sJ.

fz;zjhrd; epidtfk;:

jkpo; jpiu cyfpd; ,wthj tuyhW ftpauR fz;zjhrd; fhiuf;Fb mUfpYs;s rpW$ly;gl;bapy; Njhd;wpdhh; vd;gJ midtUk; mwpe;jNj. mth; epidtpd; Kfj;jhd; fhiuf;Fbapy; fz;zjhrd; epidtfk; NgUe;J epiyak; mUNf mikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

fhiuf;Fb:

fhiuf;Fb vd;wJNk efuj;jhh; vd;W miof;fg;gLk; ehl;Lf; Nfhl;il nrl;bahh;fshy; mikf;fg;gl;l muz;kid xj;j tPLfSk; mjpy; moFw mike;j ku Ntiyg;ghLfshy; Md fjTfSk; rd;dy;fSk; MFk;. ,J jkpoh;fspd; tho;tpay; ehfhPfj;jpidAk; tpahghuj;jpuidAk; ek; fz; Kd;G epWj;JtdthFk;. ,e;efhpy; jpU mofg;gr; nrl;bahuhy; cUthf;fg;gl;l mofg;gh gy;fiy fofk; ,e;efhpd; kw;nwhU rpwg;ghFk;.

nja;tk; mjpra cyfk;:

nja;tk; mjpra cyfk; gps;isahh;gl;bapypUe;J 1 fP.kP njhiytpYk;> fhiuf;FbapypUe;J 14 fP.kP njhiytpYk; ,uhNkRuk; - kJiu neLQ;rhiyapy; mike;Js;sJ. ,q;F Nfhapy;fspd; goikapd; ngUik Fwpj;j fhl;rpAk;> cyfpd; gy;NtW gFjpapypUe;J nfhz;Lte;J fhl;rpf;F itf;fg;gl;Ls;s tpehafh; rpw;gq;fs; ,t;tplj;jpd; kpfr; rpwg;ghFk;.

fz;l Njtpf;Nfhapy;:

Njtf;Nfhl;ilapypUe;J 3 fP.kP. njhiytpy; fz;l Njtp rpw;Whh; mike;Js;sJ. ,q;F mUs; kpF Rth;z %h;j;jpRtuh; vd;fpw rpwfpy; ehjh; NfhapYs;sJ. ,q;Fs;s mk;kd; nghpa ehafp mk;kd; vd;W miof;fg;gLfpd;wJ. ,q;F Mz;Lj;NjhWk; #d; khjk; eilngWk; Mdpj; jpUtpoh kpfTk; rpwg;GilajhFk; ,r;rpw;Whiu Rw;wp mike;Js;s 75 fpuhk kf;fs; xd;W $b ,j;jpU tpohit elj;Jfpd;wdh;.

Fd;wf;Fb:

fhiuf;FbapypUe;J 10 fP.kP. njhiytpYs;sJ Fd;wf;Fb mUs; kpF rz;Kf ehjd; Nfhapy; 1000 Mz;Lfs; goikAk; ngUikAk; cilaJ> ,jd; tuyhw;Wj; njhd;ikia khA+u fphp Guhzk; ed;F tpsq;FfpwJ. kUJ ghz;ba rNfhjuh;fs; jq;fs; Ml;rp fhyj;jpy; ,f;Nfhapiy rPuikj;Js;sdh;. ,q;F rdthp khjk; eilngWk; ijg;Grk;> khh;r; khjk; eilngWk; gq;Fdp cj;jpuk; kw;Wk; etk;gh; khjk; eilngWk; fe;j rl|;b jpUtpohf;fs; kpfTk; rpwg;Gld; eilngWtdthFk;>

gps;isahh;gl;b:

gps;isahh;gl;b fw;gf tpehafh; jkpoj;jpy; kl;Lkpd;wp ,e;jpa Jdzf;fz;lk; tiu GfOilajhFk;. ,f;NfhapyhdJ fhiuf;FbapypUe;J 12 fP.kP. njhiytpy; mike;Js;sJ. ,f;NfhapyhdJ ghz;bah;fspd; njhlf;f fhyj;jpy; fl;lg;gl;ljhFk; ,f;Nfhapy; mq;Fs;s rpwpa Fd;wpid ntl;b cUthf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ ,q;F tpehafh; kw;Wk; rptypq;fk; mikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,f;Nfhapiy tbtikj;j rpw;gp fhl;^h; $z; ngUguzd; vd;gjid ,f;Nfhapypd; fUtiuapy; jd; ifg;gl nrJf;fpa jkpo; ifnaOj;Jf; fy;ntl;bd; %yk; mwpayhk;. ,J fp.gp. ,uz;lhk; Ehw;whz;bypUe;J ma;e;jhk; Ehw;whz;L tiu Gof;fj;jpy; ,Ue;j jkpo; vOj;Jf;fshy; tbf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

,isahd;Fb:

,isahd;Fb mWgj;J Kd;W ehad;khh;fspy; xUtuhd khw ehadhh; Njhd;wpa CuhFk; ,JNt ,t;T+hpd; rpwg;ghFk;.

jpUf;Nfhl;bA+h;:

jpUf;Nfhl;bA+h; 108 itdtj; jpUj;jyq;fspy; xd;whFk;> Mo;thh; ,uhkDrh; te;J topg;gl;l jpUj;jykhFk;. Rtkpa ehuahzg;ngUkhs; vd;wiof;fg;gLfpd;w jpUf;Nfhl;bA+h; ngUkhs; Nfhapy; njd; jpUg;gjp vd;wiof;fg;gLfpd;wJ.,q;F Mz;L NjhWk; eilngWk; khrp kfk; kpfr;rpwg;GilajhFk;.

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